1- Zika normally spreads through infected mosquitoes but you also can get through sex.
Many countries have the species of mosquitoes that is can transmit Zika virus. These mosquitoes are usually aggressive during daytime but still a threat during night time. Moreover, Zika can transmit via sex from an infected person to his or her partners.
2- Prevent mosquito bites to prevent Zika infection
- Insect repellent is proven to be effective
- Wear long sleeved shirts and long pants
- Stay indoors and places with air conditioning
3- Zika is associated to birth defects
Zika infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly which is a severe birth defect that causes small heads and incomplete brain development on infants. Do not have sex or only have protected sex if you have a partner who traveled or lives in Zika infested countries.
4- Pregnant woman should avoid travel to areas with Zika
Only travel to areas with Zika if it is a must. Consult your healthcare provider to get advice on how to prevent mosquito bites before the trip.
5- Returning infected travelers can spread Zika virus via mosquito bites
If you get infected and a mosquito bites you, the virus can be pass on to the mosquito. The mosquito will become infected and can pass the virus to another person. Therefore, returning travelers must use condoms or no sex if they are afraid of passing the virus to their partners.